NAME: Name: (Urdu: تحریک طالبان پاکستان; Student Movement of Pakistan)

STRUCTURE: Originally a network of dispersed Islamic militant groups that vary in size and in levels of coordination; this later developed into an organized network and a very effective fighting force

HEADQUARTERS: South Waziristan located in a mountain border region of Pakistan and Afghanistan

STRENGTH: over 35,000 people


LEADERS:

Baitullah Mehsud (Dec 2007 – Aug 2009): Founder and the original leader of TTP killed in August 2009 by a suspected U.S. drone

Hakimullah Mehsud (Aug 2009 – Present): Former commander in the Khyber, Kurram, and Orakzai agencies in South Waziristan and also the new leader of TTP after Baitullah Mehsud’s death

THE INNER STRUCTURE: The group contains members from all seven Tribal Agencies (Khyber, Kurram, Bajaur, Mohmand, Orakzai, North Waziristan, South Waziristan) as well as several districts of the North-West Frontier Province, including Swat, Bannu, Tank, Lakki Marwat, Dera Ismail Khan, Kohistan, Buner, and Malakand.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Resistance against the Pakistani state
  • Enforcement of TTP’s interpretation of sharia
  • Plan to unite against NATO-led forces in Afghanistan

MAIN TARGETS:

HISTORY:

  • 1996 – 2001: Afghan Taliban rules large parts of Afghanistan with the military support of Pakistan and possibly the support of Pakistani Intelligence agency service ISI
  • Pakistani Armed Forces are spending majority of their forces fighting foreign groups
  • Al-Qaeda and Afghan Taliban militants fled from Afghanistan to Pakistan
  • 2002 – 2004: Many small militant groups started networking with one another and formed the TTP
  • July 2002: Pakistani troops make a deal with various tribes and begin establishing themselves in the tribal areas and on the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan to fight the Afghan Taliban and Al-Qaeda
  • Pakistani Taliban never merges into the organizational structure of the Afghan Taliban and turns inward developing its own identity
  • 2004: Baitullah Mehsud, the future leader of the TTP, begins cutting deals with the Pakistani government and troops
  • TTP establishes itself as the legitimate voice of all other smaller militant groups in Pakistan
  • TTP fights other smaller militant groups killing approximately 200 of the tribal elders
  • December, 2007: About 13 local tribal groups unite under the leadership of Baitullah Mehsud to officially form the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)
  • In early 2009 the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan joins the Afghan Taliban in the war in Afghanistan to help counter the American troops in Afghanistan
  • December 2009: Suicide attack on CIA facilities in Camp Chapman
  • April 2010: TTP announces that it will make cities in the U.S. a main target in response to U.S. drone attacks on TPP leaders
  • May 2010: Attempted bombing in Times Square
  • September 1, 2010: the U.S. designates the TTP as a Foreign Terrorist Organization and identifies Hakimullah Mehsud, its new leader, as a global terrorist
  • A $5 million reward is issued on a location of Hakimullah Mehsud as well as another group member, Wali ur-Rehman

 

ALLIES:

Baitullah Mehsud

  • Al-Qaeda: TTP and Al-Qaeda share money, bomb experts and makers; TTP draws ideological guidance from Al-Qaeda, while Al-Qaeda relies on the TTP for safe haven in the areas along the border
  • Afghan Taliban: although their history, leadership and goals differ greatly, they share interpretation of Islam and are both background. The two groups are linked in movements and have maintained safe havens back and forth to this day.
  • Lashkar-e-Islam: is a militant organization active in and around Khyber Agency tribal area which is one of the several groups constituted by the TTP
  • Harkat-ul Jihad Islami (HuJI): is a strong ally of Afghanistan Taliban group, and therefore, it is also an ally of TTP
  • Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi: The Punjabi Taliban and TTP have developed strong connections and have worked together on multiple missions
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU): TTP and IMU have history of collaboration; at one point the founder of TTP lived with the IMU’s former leader
  • The Punjabi Taliban (Tehrik-i-Taliban Punjab): it is a network of militant groups based in South Punjab that has developed strong connection with Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, it has also increasingly provided foot soldiers for violent acts

One Response to “Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)”

  1. I had never even heard of this group before. I have a feeling the Taliban will always remain a powerful and threatening group no matter who tries to stop them. Now the US (via Hillary Clinton) is trying to open negotiations with them. Perhaps that’s the only smart move now.

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